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What is public art

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Public Art, from its literal meaning, this type of art features 『publicness』and 『artistry』. 『Publicness』means the artwork to be staged in the domain that is closely connected to the life of the public. ; 『artistry』 defines that its creation must be involved in an artistic process and able to trigger resonance and interaction with the art appreciation experience of the viewers.


Based on the above description, comparing it with art works exhibited in the museums, public art has the need for "publicness" and is an art-creation process based on the characteristics of the public space and the environment where it will be staged so that it produces an interaction with the life of the public. While pairing with various conditions of the urban planning, buildings, and landscapes, it will exhibit different aspects with different spaces and environmental features.


Modern Art that utilizes creativity


Public Art does not have a fixed aspect or form because the development of modern art or the creativity of artists and his/her style allows artworks to be displayed in multiple artistic forms and aspects, such as sculptures, multi-media technologies, paintings, mosaics, water designs, street furniture, etc., all are common methods of display or formation in public art. Besides, artists' creativity will make artworks more interesting and will inspire unlimited imagination while viewers are looking at them through the features of the environment they are staged, their users , latest events and trends, and theme discussions that review subjectivity and objectivity


The City, Space and Art


In addition to express art itself, the key to public art also includes integration into the space as well as the public participation. Artists must fully grasp the features of the space where the art will be staged so that the space may echo with the artwork and through the process of staging the artwork; it creates an interaction and resonance with the public. For example, for the academic and cultural units, transportation and hospitals, their features and user groups are different, so the implication of the artwork will vary. Take the National Taiwan University Children's Hospital as an example, with purpose of curing children's minds, the artist created artworks of cute clouds complimenting with proper lighting, a relaxing and pleasant atmosphere is created. The artworks have infused vitalities to the cold and boring space of the hospital.


The public art installation plan in the leisure park of Dihua Sewage Treatment Plant combines the regional features and community construction, allowing the plant to be closer to the public. Among them, the "Reproduction of the Mother Earth" created by Lin Long-Ru and Xiong Yi-Yi staged in the west end of the park is not only a land bridge crossing the embankment but also an artwork that integrated seamlessly with the landscape. The artists utilized the old bridge structure to implicate the process of the extending, twisting and falling of the mother earth with the shaping of woods. Crossing Huanhe N. Road via the land bridge, you will see the vast view of the Tamsui River. What's worth mentioning is that this installation plan was awarded the "Award of Excellence" and the "Award of Best Planning" in the 2nd Public Arts Awards.


The artful combination of the city, space and artwork requires not only artists' efforts but also the full cooperation among architectures, landscape designers and engineers. During the process of executing the plan, natural factors, the space or human interference have to be taken into consideration. Besides, the complicated engineering issues such as material characteristics of the artwork, the engineering structure, the installation process as well as the safety management must not be taken lightly for ensuring the public art to be staged in the public space permanently so that it adds shines and glamour to the city and, furthermore, achieves the goal of making the environment itself an artwork while making the artwork a part of the environment.